general crushing equation by bonds law

Van der Waals radius
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nbsp 0183 32 The van der Waals radius r w of an atom is the radius of an imaginary hard sphere representing the distance of closest approach for another atom It is named after Johannes Diderik van der Waals winner of the 1910 Nobel Prize in Physics as he was the first to recognise that atoms were not simply points and to demonstrate the physical consequences of their size through the van der...
Cellular Respiration Equation Types Stages Products amp
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nbsp 0183 32 Cellular Respiration Equation It is important to note that cellular respiration in general is not a single process but is in fact a set of metabolic reactions Hence the locations where occur in the cell vary from pathway to pathway Its overall chemical reaction of...
Electricity Work and Power
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nbsp 0183 32 For the Instructor These student materials complement the Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability Instructor you would like your students to have access to the student materials we suggest you either point them at the Student Version which omits the framing pages with information designed for faculty and this box...
How to Calculate Asset Impairments 14 Steps with Pictures
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nbsp 0183 32 Subtract the recoverable amount from the carrying value using the equation 1 million - 750 000 = 250 000 The asset impairment to be recorded or the amount to be written off is 250 000 12 X Research source...
How to Calculate a Reverse Stock Split Sapling
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nbsp 0183 32 Check your value When companies reverse split they also increase the value of the stock that remains If your share value of XYZ Corporation was 1 before the split you had 200 worth of the stock Once the reverse split took place the value of the stock raised to 10 a share since the second number in the ratio multiplies it You still own 200 worth of stock but only 20 sha...
Aggregate Demand Definition Formula Components
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nbsp 0183 32 The law of demand assumes the other determinants of demand don t change The other determinants are income prices of related goods or services whether complementary or substitutes tastes and expectations The sixth determinant that only affects aggregate...
Bernoulli s Principle Definition Equation Examples
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nbsp 0183 32 Bernoulli s principle and its corresponding equation are important tools in fluid dynamics The principle states that there is reduced pressure in areas of increased fluid velocity and the formula sets the sum of the pressure kinetic energy and potential energy equal to...
How to Calculate Bond Accrued Interest with Pictures
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nbsp 0183 32 Confirm the face or par value of your bond This is the amount paid to the holder of the bond at maturity when the interest payments stop This will be stated clearly on your bond indenture Note that the par value may be more or less than what you actually paid for the bond originally Market price is affected by the existing rate environment and the bond issuer s creditworthiness Bonds...
How Does Duration Impact Bond Funds
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nbsp 0183 32 Bond duration is an investment concept that few average investors truly understand yet it can have a meaningful impact on how your bond mutual fund or fixed income portfolio performs relative to the bond market as a whole Investors tend to shy away from...
Calculus II
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nbsp 0183 32 In this section we will look at several fairly simple methods of approximating the value of a definite integral It is not possible to evaluate every definite integral because it is not possible to do the indefinite integral and yet we may need to know the value of the...
Strimtom s Hardcore Ready Character builds
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nbsp 0183 32 Hey Do you want to be super ready for hardcore but not sure what to play yet I have below several sure fire and strong builds that aren t very gear dependant that can get you started and will bring you from level 1 all the way into high reaper mode I ll be rating the...
What is Gross
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nbsp 0183 32 Formula 2 - The Supplemental/Inverse Method This gross-up formula is often used because not only are relocation expenses considered income but the gross-up is considered income too Therefore employers will pay the gross-up on the gross-up To determine...
How to Calculate the Cost of Debt Capital
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nbsp 0183 32 For example a business with a 40 combined federal and state tax rate borrows 50 000 at a 5 interest rate The post-tax cost of debt capital is 3 cost of debt capital = 05 x = 03 or 3 The 2 500 in interest paid to the lender reduces the company s...
Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry/Ionic and Covalent
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nbsp 0183 32 Indeed the metal-oxygen bonds are quot stretched quot in Na 2 O K 2 O and Rb 2 O relative to M-O bonds with the same bond order in other structures The situation is so extreme for Cs 2 O that it finds an electrostatically unfavorable structure in which the coordination is lowered to 6 3...
General Chemistry/Types of chemical reactions
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nbsp 0183 32 In a balanced ionic equation the number and type of atoms are the same on both sides of the reaction arrow Additionally the net charge is the same on both sides of the equation Strong acids strong bases and soluble ionic compounds usually salts exist as dissociated ions in aqueous solution so they are written as ions in the ionic equation...
Why Is It Important to Balance Chemical Equations
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nbsp 0183 32 The Law of Conservation of Mass was discovered by Antoine Laurent Lavoisier in 1789 He discovered that matter cannot either be created or destroyed The number on either side of the equation must be exactly the same when the equation is finished as it was...
Biochemistry Dissolution and Solubility Article
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nbsp 0183 32 This is because in general heat energy is released as gas dissolves in solution the process is exothermic Increasing temperature increased heat energy results in increased kinetic energy This increase in kinetic energy allows greater movement of the gas particles resulting in the intermolecular bonds between the gas solute and solvent being broken...
General rules on how to write Lewis structures
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nbsp 0183 32 The general rules for writing Lewis structures include the following Rule 1 Determine the total number of valence electrons in the molecule To do this you will need the periodic recall that for main group elements the valence electrons can be determined...
How to Write a Chemical Equation with Pictures
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nbsp 0183 32 How to Write a Chemical Equation A good way to think about a chemical reaction is the process of baking cookies You mix the ingredients together flour butter salt sugar and eggs bake it and see that it changes into something new...
Prompt Payment Interest Calculator
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nbsp 0183 32 The Formula This is the formula the calculator uses to determine simple daily interest P r/360 d P is the amount of principal or invoice amount r is the Prompt Payment interest rate and d is the number of days for which interest is being calculated For example if...
How to Calculate Equation Watts Sciencing
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nbsp 0183 32 The watts equation for an electrical circuit takes into account the voltage across the circuit V measured in volts and the current I measured in amps passing through mechanics the definition of power is the rate of doing work s defined as W/t where t is the time it...
What Is the Chemical Reaction Between Yeast and Sugar
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nbsp 0183 32 The balanced chemical equation for this reaction is glucose/sugar C6H12O6 in the presence of the yeast enzyme zymase reacts to produce 2C2H5OH ethanol 2CO2 carbon dioxide This is the ethanol fermentation process used to make beer wine and bread...
Preparing for the American Chemical Society General
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nbsp 0183 32 Hess s Law If you don t remember Hess s Law requires manipulation of several equations that are combined along with respective ΔH to calculate ΔH for a target reaction 2 nΣProducts - nΣReactants where n is the number of moles given in a balanced equation and respective ΔH values are given for the formation or decomposition of the compounds in the reaction...
Student Exploration
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nbsp 0183 32 The law of conservation of matter states that no atoms are created or destroyed in a chemical reaction Therefore a balanced chemical equation will show the same number of each type of atom on...
Balanced chemical equations Law of conservation of
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nbsp 0183 32 The equation is not balanced because the law of conservation of matter is not achieved Second Law of constant ratios The chemical compound is produced from a chemical combination of atoms of two elements or more by constant weight ratios...
Modeling of Fuel Cell Cold Start and Dimension Reduction
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nbsp 0183 32 In this section a one-dimensional 1D transient model of PEMFC cold start is developed referring to previous modeling study 32 50 Figure 1 shows the major physics and chemical process considered in this model including electrochemical reaction charge transport mass transport and phase change heat transfer etc...
Heat of Fusion Example Problem
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nbsp 0183 32 The equation is straightforward so the key is to make sure you re using the right units for the answer To get heat in Joules q = 25 g x 334 J/g q = 8350 J It s just as easy to express the heat in terms of calories q = m 183 ΔH f q = 25 g x 80 cal/g q = 2000 cal Answer The amount of heat required to melt 25 grams of ice is 8 350 Joules or 2 000 calories...
PCAT Chemistry Study Guide 2020 by Mometrix
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nbsp 0183 32 PCAT Chemistry Test General and organic chemistry are essential sciences to the pharmaceutical field All medications begin with a basic chemical process The chemistry portion of the Pharmacy College Admission Test assesses the knowledge both factual and...

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